Orchiectomy is the name given to the surgical procedure to remove the testicles. The procedure is considered a type of hormone therapy, since its main purpose is to reduce the production of testosterone by the body. There are two types of orchiectomy. During a simple orchiectomy, the surgeon removes both testicles by making an incision in the front of the scrotum, while a subcapsular orchiectomy consists of the removal of the tissue from the lining of the testicles, which is where testosterone is produced. In either of the cases, both the penis and the scrotum remain intact.
Hormone therapy can be conducted with drugs or surgery.
Testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) are the two main male sex hormones and are called androgens.
Androgens are produced by the testicles, adrenal gland and prostate cancer tumor itself